Finca San Luis is a specialty coffee plantation, situated on the southern face of the Apaneca-Illamatepec mountain range, in Ahuachapan, El Salvador. The farm was established in 1958, and of its 77 total hectares, 70 of them are planted with the traditional Salvadoran coffee varieties of Pacas and Bourbon. The remaining seven hectares are dedicated to a forest preserve, that houses all kinds of indigenous plants and trees.
The altitude of the farm begins at 1,125 meters above sea level, and runs up to 1,280 meters, with the majority residing at 1,200 meters. The structure of the farm runs east and west, with a larger width than length. It resembles the shape of the letter M, with two primary peaks overshadowing a central valley. The valley runs north and south through the middle of the farm, toward the Pacific Ocean, which is visible from the farm.
The farm is shaded with a variety of tree, called pepeto, which is the most common shade tree in western El Salvador. Windbreak trees are also planted in horizontal and vertical rows, called 'cortinas,' creating blocks around the coffee plants, protecting them from northern winds. This can be seen in the photo below.
A river flows within the lower valley of the farm, and is fed from a 25 meter waterfall, forming the western boundary of the farm.
View more photos of Finca San Luis here: FINCA SAN LUIS PHOTO GALLERY